The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Brain disorder occurs when there is a damage or disruption to the brain or brains function after the birth of an individual. Damaged brain will causes changes in the memory, sensation and sometimes even at personality. It can occur due to falls, accidents, assault, lack of oxygen, concussion and other trauma which causes a brain diseases like Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, degenerative diseases, Parkinson's disease and brain tumors. Intelligence is usually not affected by disorder, although there are usually cognitive changes such as problems with memory, concentration and attention. Brain disorders are considered as serious health problem facing by the society. Brain disorder can be diagnosed and treated by specialist called Neurologist or Neurological specialist. A change in the symptoms occurs based on the stages.
Brain Injury is an affront to the cerebrum by the outside physical power that exchanges the condition of cognizance and produces a decreased. Traumatic Brain Disorder (TBI) is damage to the cerebrum caused by an injury to the (head damage). Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is damage caused by some restorative conditions like encephalitis, strokes, aneurysms, anoxia, metabolic clutters, meningitis, or cerebrum tumors and isn't inherited, inherent, Neurodegenerative, or prompted by birth injury since it happens after the birth. Stanford University Medical Center expresses that mind wounds influence young ladies more than young men.
In the event of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury it causes indications like migraine, weakness, rest aggravation, diminished fixation and ability to focus, Decreased speed of reasoning, memory issues, Depression and nervousness and enthusiastic emotional episodes. Serious Brain Injury causes a drawn out oblivious state like unconsciousness, vegetative state and secured disorder.
Neurology is the field of studying Structure, diseases and function of nervous system which includes spinal cord, Brain and Nerves. Clinical neurology is mainly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorder of nervous system. Major two divisions on neurology include Peripheral nervous system (neural elements, such as eyes, ears, skin and other sensory receptors) and Central nervous system (spinal cord and brain).The nervous system is a sophisticated and complex system which controls and coordinates body activities normally.
Most neurologists focusing on a particular area of neurology like clinical neurophysiology, neuromuscular medicine, neurodevelopmental disabilities, child neurology, behavioral neurology, neurorehabilitation and brain injury medicine.
Any disorder happen at the body nervous system is called as Neurological Disorders. Abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves like Structural, biochemical or electrical can result as symptoms sometime. Neurological disorder symptoms might be loss of sensation, Poor Coordination, muscle weakness, paralysis, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness. Causes for the neurological disorder can be biochemical changes and sometimes can be physical injury to the brain, spinal cord, or nerves. But in some case the root cause can’t be determined only effects are seen.
The term Cognitive Neuropsychiatry was coined by Prof Hadyn Ellis .Cognitive neuropsychiatry is integration of cognitive psychology and neuropsychiatry .which aims to understand mental illness and psychopathology in terms of models of normal psychological function.
Cognitive Neuropsychiatry is an approach for investigating psychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairments by the intersection of psychiatry, cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Mainly the research focus on cognitive disorders, developmental disorders, psychiatric disorders (Dementia or schizophrenia, functional neuroimaging and computational neuropsychology).
Addiction is a disorder of brain (Brain Disorder) and its complex condition. Addiction is also known as chronic disorder which includes psychological, biological, environmental factors and social factor influenced by development and maintenance. Genetic might be the risk factor for addiction sometimes For example engaging in certain behaviors (such as gambling) and the way the body processes alcohol or other drugs.
Addiction can be prevented, treated and managed by the healthcare professionals with the co-operation of family or peer support like social worker. Addiction directly affects the function of brain and body which will result in problems in families, relationship, friends, schools, workplaces and neighborhoods.
Neurodegeneration is the process of losing Neurons within the Brain and spinal cord. Neuron is build blocks for the nervous system including brain and spinal cord. Neurons cannot be regenerated or replace by body normally. Ageing affects many cellular processes that progress to the neurodegeneration and also age-related changes in cellular function will progress to the pathogenesis of PD. well known Neurodegenerative disease are Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Neurodegenerative diseases are genetically inherited causative genes for neurodegenerative disease has been identified by using recent advance in the genetics, Drug therapies were provided for Neurodegenerative disease by three treatment categories symptomatic, protective and curative.
Brain tumor is abnormal cell growth in the brain. Tumor growth vary greatly function of nerves system affected by the brain tumor based on the growth rate as well as location of a brain tumor. When normal cells acquire Mutation in their DNA Primary brain tumors is originated some of the common known brain tumors Benign, Malignant, primary brain tumors and Metastatic or secondary brain tumors. Neuro-oncology focuses on Brain and spinal cord neoplasms.
Symptoms varies according to the type and location some of the common symptoms are Recurrent headaches, Issues with vision, Changes in personality, Short-term memory loss, Seizures, Poor coordination and Difficulty speaking or comprehending.
Neurosurgery is short form of neurological surgery it’s a multidisciplinary that is concern with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders and neurological disorders Specialization in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system were known as Neurosurgeon.
Neurosurgeons treat low back pain, epilepsy, stroke, sciatica, pinched nerves and chronic pain. Several subspecialists can be practiced by the neurologist like spine surgery, pediatric neurosurgery, interventional neuroradiology, pain management, Neuro-oncology, nerve trauma and neurovascular surgery.
In Medical terms Complication is referred as unfavorable condition of a disease or worst consequences of particular disease causing high risk health problems. Traumatic brain injury sometimes increases the risk of complication greater like Coma (unconscious), Vegetative state (Widespread damage to the brain), minimally conscious state (altered consciousness), Locked-in syndrome (Locked in-state), Brain death (brain cell death).
In case of Brain Cancer sometimes life life-threatening complications happens For example Sudden death due to the obstructed flow of cerebrospinal fluid from the third ventricle and sometimes sever complications like paralysis, loss of vision, loss of speech, unconsciousness by the sudden Hemorrhagic stroke
In the research Animal’s models are used for the basic study in mechanisms of disease and pre-clinical studies of newly developed therapies. Human and animals (non-human animals) varies normally but they are remarkably similar at the physiological and anatomical level. Animal modeling leads to advancement in research or study on understanding fundamental mechanisms of many diseases like central nervous system (CNS) disorder, axonal regeneration in peripheral and optic nerve injury, motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease and initial cell death and later regeneration in stroke.
Animal models always play an important role in the scientific exploration of behavior and physiological mechanisms and process that are involved in the control of normal and abnormal behavior where the animal models has long of exploring the mechanism of neuropsychiatric disorders
Behavioral addiction is referred Non-substance addiction, it might sever effects as same as drug and alcohol addictions. People engage in a certain behaviors, those with the pleasurable or risky. It has the negative consequences for an individual like mental health problems, social problems, physical problems and financial problems. Study found that one in 10 young people playing video game has behavioral addiction. Treatment can cure the behavioral addictions.
Alcoholism is referred as dependence of alcohol disorder or alcohol use disorder which results in negative consequences like mental health problem, physical health problems and social effects. Excess consumption of alcohol leads to long-term health conditions causes Brain defects, including Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, Liver disease, Diabetes complications, Heart problems, increased risk of cancer, Vision damage and Bone loss
Psychology is the field of studying mind and behavior. The professional practitioner or researcher in the psychology field is called a Psychologist. Psychology is an important branch of biology as well as sociology. The cognition, perception, emotion (affect) intelligence, attention, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality where explored by the psychologist. Psychology has multidisciplinary such as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes.
Psychology has broad range of scope and also psychology investigates on enormous range of phenomena like learning and memory, sensation and perception, motivation and emotion, thinking and language, personality and social behavior, intelligence, child development, mental illness, and much more.
Neuropsychology related to the Specific field of psychological processes and behaviors of brains Structure and Function. Neuropsychology is an experimental field of psychology aims to understand the behavior and cognition influenced by brain functioning. Neuropsychologist is specializes in understanding the relationship between the brain and behavior. Problem’s like dementia, vascular disorders, Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, traumatic brain injury, seizure disorders, learning disabilities, neuropsychiatric disorders, infectious disease affecting the CNS, neurodevelopmental disorders, metabolic disease and neurological effects of medical disorders or treatment. Clinical Neuropsychology enhances the understanding of brain behavior relationships and the application of knowledge to human problems.
Behavioral science which is the field of studying Human behavior, it integrated with the field such as sociology, social, cultural anthropology, psychology, and behavioral aspects of biology, economics, geography, law, psychiatry, and political science.
Mental disorder involves of changes in thinking, emotion or behavior. Mental illness can give mild or severe disturbances in thought and/or behavior, some of the common disorder like clinical depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Mental illness or mental disorder could be related to excessive stress due to a particular situation series Problems are normally associated with functioning in social, work or family activities or distress Symptoms may be changes in the mood, personality, personal habits and social Psychiatrists provides the medical diagnosis for an individual symptoms, signs and impairment associated with particular types of mental disorder. Most commonly psychiatric and medication are used for treating mental disorder. Behavior therapy can be applied to treat the mental disorder for some disorder which is more effective than other treatment.
Eric L. Schwartz introduces the term computational neuroscience. Computational Neuroscience is the channel of neuroscience, cognitive science and psychology with electrical engineering, computer science, mathematics and physics. This provides the basic information about development and function of nerves system. Knowing the functioning of brain is most challenging phase in the research field but it’s been fulfilled Computational Neuroscience by using computational techniques for analyzing, modeling, and understanding the behavior of cells and circuits in the brain.
Case Report focuses on detailed study of signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of a patient. They are professional review with the feedback on guidelines of clinical practice and provide the chance of framing earlier indications of effectiveness, adverse events, and cost. Case report is considered as Proof or evidence in the clinical field. It plays a vital role in the research on medicine and evidence-based medicine.
A study states that about 7% of the articles published in general medical and family practice journals based on the clinical case report .the report should contain the chronological order, clinical history, physical examination findings, investigative results, differential diagnosis, working diagnosis, management, follow-up, and final diagnosis.
Stem cell therapy treats various disorders by using stem cell more than 80 disorders effectively treated by stem cell therapy which includes neuromuscular and degenerative disorders. Neurodegenerative is the loss of neuron which can’t be regenerated by the body Stem cell technology has become an important option in diagnosis and treatment of Neurodegenerative diseases including PD, Huntington's disease (HD), Alzheimer's and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Spinal cord injuries are common traumas which occur in two different ways stem cell therapy repair and regenerate peripheral nerves.
A Stroke is also known as "brain attack". Stroke occurs due to the problem in supply blood to the brain. The causes of Brain cells or Brain tissues to die during stroke might be problem of either the blood vessels with in the brain ruptures or blood supply is blocked. Hemorrhagic strokes (occurs by arteries in the brain), Ischemic stroke (occurs by blockages or narrowing of the arteries) and Transient ischemic attack (occurs by blood clots or other clots).
Dementia can also know as Brain disease. Dementia is generally loss of Memory and mental disability which affects day to day life cause of dementia is due to the physical changes in Brain. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease, which makes up 50% to 70% of cases. Other common types include vascular dementia (25%), Lewy body dementia(15%), and frontotemporal dementia. less common causes include Parkinson's disease, syphilis, and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease among others.